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Wednesday, May 6, 2020 | History

9 edition of Plant membrane and vacuolar transporters found in the catalog.

Plant membrane and vacuolar transporters

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  • 13 Currently reading

Published by CABI Pub. in Wallingford, UK, Cambridge, MA .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Plant cell membranes,
  • Plant translocation

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    Statementeditors, Pawan K. Jaiwal, Rana P. Singh, Om Parkash Dhankher.
    ContributionsJaiwal, Pawan K., Singh, Rana P., Dhankher, Om Parkash.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQK725 .P4756 2008
    The Physical Object
    Paginationviii, 384 p. :
    Number of Pages384
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17045512M
    ISBN 101845934024
    ISBN 109781845934026
    LC Control Number2007051246

      Plant plasma membrane transporters in the HKT family transport sodium (Na +) and potassium (K +) (ref. 22) and play an essential part in salt tolerance Research in the reference plant Arabidopsis showed that the ‘class 1’ HKT transporters are Na + selective and protect plant leaves from salinity stress by prohibiting toxic sodium over.   A large number of proteins in the vacuolar membrane (VM; tonoplast), including transporters and receptors, support the various functions of the vacuole. Molecular analysis of membrane proteins is an essential step in understanding how the vacuole operates but so far only a small number of tonoplast proteins have been identified at the molecular.

      During the vesicular protein transport within the endomembrane system (ER, Golgi apparatus, plasma membrane, and vacuoles), correct protein targeting is ensured by protein sorting during vesicle loading, the assembly of corresponding protein coats, vesicle transport to the acceptor membrane, and specific membrane by:   Short review focussing on the role and targeting of vacuolar substructure in plant immunity and pathogenesis. Plants lack specialized immune cells, therefore each plant cell must defend itself against invading pathogens. A typical plant defense strategy is the hypersensitive response that results in host cell death at the site of infection, a process largely regulated by the vacuole.

    Salyaev RK, Kuzevanov VYa, Ozolina NV, Kamenkova LD, Puzanoya NA () The content of lipids, proteins and carbohydrates in the vacuolar membrane isolated from red beetroot. Plant Physiology (USSR) – (in Russian) Google Scholar.   The plant vacuole acts as a storage compartment for inorganic phosphate and buffers cytoplasmic phosphate concentration. Here, Liu et al. identify a group of vacuolar phosphate transporters in.


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Plant membrane and vacuolar transporters Download PDF EPUB FB2

Based on current research in genomics and proteomics, this book clarifies the identification and characterization of plant membrane and vacuolar transporters.

Transporter functions such as mineral nutrition, cell homeostasis, storage and stress responses are examined with a focus on enhancing nutrient use efficiency in crops, and increasing crops’ ability to withstand nutrient stresses and Cited by: 4.

Based on current research in genomics and proteomics, this book clarifies the identification and characterization of plant membrane and vacuolar transporters. Plant membrane and vacuolar transporters book Transporter functions such as mineral nutrition, cell homeostasis, storage and stress responses are examined with a focus on enhancing nutrient use efficiency in crops, and increasing crops’ ability to withstand nutrient stresses and.

Plant membrane and vacuolar transporters. Description This book contains 14 chapters that evaluate the current knowledge, state of art and future prospects of plant membrane and vacuolar transporters in relation to plant productivity and quality improvement. "Based on advances in genomics and proteomics, this book compiles recent developments in the identification, isolation and characterization of plant membrane and vacuolar transporters.

Current knowledge is evaluated to assess the potential of transporters to enhance nutrient use efficiency in crops, increase crops' ability to withstand nutrient stresses and improve nutrient storage. While information on the roles and regulation of transporters for all major nutrients and metabolites in plants has increased significantly, a synthesis of this research has been lacking.

Based on current research in genomics and proteomics, this book clarifies the identification and characterization Plant membrane and vacuolar transporters book plant membrane and vacuolar transporters. Connect to electronic book via Ebook Central.

Full title: Plant membrane and vacuolar transporters [electronic resource] / editors, Pawan K. Jaiwal, Rana P. Singh, Om Parkash Dhankher. This book contains 14 chapters that evaluate the current knowledge, state of art and future prospects of plant membrane and vacuolar transporters in relation to plant productivity and quality improvement.

The role of transporters, the mechanisms of uptake, accumulation or transport of potassium, calcium, nitrate, ammonium, sulfate, phosphate, iron, manganese, silicon, heavy metals, sugars, Cited by: 4.

For a long time, the large size of leaf and root vacuoles hindered biochemical analyses of this organelle. This is reflected by the fact that the first review on vacuoles appeared only inpublished in the 29th volume of the Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biologyseries (Matile, ).Cited by: Plant Membrane and Vacuolar Transporters.

Tracey A. Cuin Jay Morris Toshio Sana Tzvetina Brumbarova Jon K. Pittman Yongchao Liang Bibin Paulose Katsuhiro Shiratake Uwe Ludewig Nobukazu Shitan Tetsuro Mimura Savita Dahiya.

Edited by Pawan K. Jaiwal Rana P. Singh Om Parkash Dhankher. Abstract. Close metabolic parallels exist between the processes of CO 2 assimilation in C 4 plants and in CAM plants. In both types of plant, a C 4 cycle starts with the fixation of CO 2 (as HCO 3 −) by phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) and concludes with the release or CO 2 by decarboxylation of a C 4 dicarboxylate anion (malate or aspartate).

This C 4 cycle is an ancillary pathway, in Cited by: Plant membrane transport Frans J.M. Maathuis and Dale Sanders University of York, York, UK Recent developments in plant membrane transport, particularly concerning the vacuolar and plasma membranes, have increased our understanding of molecular aspects of primary pumps, carrier systems and ion by: 1.

General features of central vacuoles. Central vacuoles are surprisingly large, can occupy (e.g. in CAM plants or fruit tissues) more than 80% of the total cell volume and are separated from the surrounding cytosol by a single, semi-permeable membrane, the so called tonoplast. Already these facts make the central vacuole uniquely suited to fulfill essential storage by:   Among the different organic anions often present at high concentrations in plants, malate transport across the vacuolar membrane has been studied most intensively.

This is due to the central role of malate in plant metabolism (Martinoia and Rentsch ) and the fact that vacuoles are important temporary stores for this organic by: The vacuole is the main storage pool of Pi and comprises up to 95% of the total Pi content of the plant.

Vacuolar Pi influx, storage and release contribute to regulation of Pi homeostasis within the g Pi-starved cells (at the end of the log phase) with Pi, induced, after a short transient increase of the cytoplasmic Pi, a strong accumulation of Pi into the vacuole, which exceeded Cited by: 6.

The tonoplast monosaccharide transporter TMT [8 ••], now renamed tonoplast sugar transporter TST [9 ••], and the vacuolar glucose transporter VGT were the first carriers shown to mediate glucose uptake into vacuoles from the model plant Arabidopsis [8••, 9••, 10•].Both transport proteins belong to the large Major Facilitator Superfamily (MFS), with an assumed twelve.

Figure 1. Identified transport systems at the vacuole during stomatal opening (left) and closure (right) and their regulation. Major transporters at the plasma membrane that might link with vacuolar transport processes are indicated in light gray, and their regulation is indicated where it links with that of vacuolar transporters.

Vesicle Transport in Salt-Secreting Trichomes. The existence of a vesicle-mediated system for metabolite transport from the vacuole to the cell membrane was initially advanced by Ziegler and Luttge () in their studies of the secretory salt glands of Limonium observed that salt-secreting cells contained numerous and well-defined mitochondria and were rich in ER, but.

Our findings show that a group of Pi transporters in vacuolar membranes regulate cytoplasmic Pi homeostasis and are required for fitness and plant growth.

Phosphorus (P) acquired in the form of inorganic phosphate (Pi) is one of the most abundant macronutrients in plant tissues 1, by:   TaVIT2 Facilitates the Transport of Iron and Manganese.

To test if the TaVIT proteins transport iron, the TaVIT1-B homoeolog and TaVIT2-D homoeolog, hereafter referred to as TaVIT1 and TaVIT2, respectively, were selected and expressed in yeast lacking the vacuolar iron transporter Δccc1 yeast strain is sensitive to high concentrations of iron in the medium because of its Cited by: The vacuole is an important subcellular compartment that serves as main phosphate storage in plants among other functions.

Three recent studies shed light on the underlying molecular mechanisms for vacuolar phosphate transport that had long remained by: 6. A vacuole (/ ˈ v æ k juː oʊ l /) is a membrane-bound organelle which is present in all plant and fungal cells and some protist, animal and bacterial cells.

[verification needed] Vacuoles are essentially enclosed compartments which are filled with water containing inorganic and organic molecules including enzymes in solution, though in certain cases they may contain solids which have been. Vacuolar membrane-localized ABC transporters, such as AtABCC1 (Raichaudhuri et al., ) and AtABCC4 (Klein et al., ), are involved in regulating cytoplasmic folate concentrations by transporting excess folates into the by:   Uptake of external sulfate from the environment and use of internal vacuolar sulfate pools are two important aspects of the acquisition of sulfur for metabolism.

In this study, we demonstrated that the vacuolar SULTR4-type sulfate transporter facilitates the efflux of sulfate from the vacuoles and plays critical roles in optimizing the internal distribution of sulfate in Arabidopsis thaliana.